10 Oct 2017

CBSE UGC NET / JRF Tutorial Paper 1

Level 1

Option 1 Option 2 Option 3 Option 4                 Answer          Reason for Answer
1. Greater  the  handicap  of the  students  coming  to  the educational   institutions,  greater  the demand on  the : Family Society Teacher State 3
2. What are  the characteristics  of Continuous  and Comprehensive Evaluation  ?
a. It increases the  workload on students by  taking multiple tests.
b. It replaces  marks with grades.
c. It evaluates every  aspect of the  student.
d. It helps  in reducing examination  phobia.
(a), (b),  (c) and (d) (b) and (d) (a), (b)  and (c) (b), (c)  and (d) 4
3. Which of  the following attributes denote  great strengths of  a teacher ?
a. Full-time active  involvement in the institutional  management
b. Setting examples
c. Willingness to put assumptions  to the test
d. Acknowledging mistakes
(a), (b)  and (d) (b), (c)  and (d) (a), (c)  and (d) (a), (b),  (c) and (d) 2
4. Which  one of  the following  statements  is  correct  in the  context  of multiple - choice type questions ?  They are more  objective than true-false  type questions. They are less  objective than essay type questions. They are  more subjective than  short-answer type questions. They are more  subjective than true-false  type questions. 1
5. As Chairman of an independent commission on education, Jacques Delors report to UNESCO was titled : International Commission  on Education  Report Millennium Development  Report Learning :  The Treasure Within World Declaration  on Education for  All 3
6. What are  required for good teaching  ?
(a) Diagnosis
(b) Remedy
(c) Direction
(d) Feedback 
(a), (b),  (c) and (d) (a) and  (b) (b), (c)  and (d) (c) and  (d) 1
7. Which of  the following statements is  not true in  the context of  participatory research ? It recognizes  knowledge as power. It emphasises on  people as experts. It is a collective  process of enquiry. Its sole purpose is  production of knowledge. 4
8. Which of the  following statements is true  in the context of  the testing of a  hypothesis ? It is only  the alternative hypothesis,  that can be tested. It is only  the null hypothesis, that  can be tested. Both, the  alternative and the  null hypotheses can be  tested. Both, the  alternative and the  null hypotheses cannot  be tested. 2 The null hypothesis is that the researcher's prediction is not true. The alternative hypothesis is that the researcher's predicted difference is true.
9. Which of the  following are the basic  rules of APA style  of referencing format  ?
(a) Italicize titles of  shorter works such as  journal articles or  essays
(b) Invert authors?  names (last name  first)
(c) Italicize titles of  longer works such as  books and journals
(d) Alphabetically index  reference list
(a) and  (b) (b), (c)  and (d) (c) and  (d) (a), (b),  (c) and (d) 2
10. Which of  the following are  the characteristics of  a seminar ?
(a) It is  a form of academic instruction.
(b) It involves questioning, discussion  and debates.
(c) It involves large groups of individuals.
(d) It needs involvement of skilled persons.

Level 2

(b) and  (c) (b) and (d) (b), (c)  and (d) (a), (b)  and (d) 4
1. A researcher is interested in studying the prospects  of a particular political party in an urban area.  What  tool should he prefer  for the study ? Rating scale Interview Questionnaire Schedule 3
2. Ethical norms in research  do not involve guidelines for  : Thesis format Copyright Patenting policy Data sharing  policies 1
3. The main objectives  of student evaluation  of teachers are  :
a. To gather  information about  student weaknesses.
b. To make  teachers take teaching  seriously.
c. To help  teachers adopt innovative  methods of teaching.
d. To identify  the areas of further  improvement in teacher  traits.
(a) and (b)  only (b), (c) and  (d) only (a), (b)  and (c) only (a) only 2
4. Using the central point of the classroom communication as the beginning of a dynamic pattern of ideas is referred  to as : Systemisation Problem -  orientation Idea protocol Mind mapping 4
5. Aspects of  the voice, other than  the speech are  known as : Physical  language Personal  language Para  language Delivery language 3 Para linguistics
6. Every type of  communication is affected by its  : Reception Transmission Non-regulation    Context 4
7. Attitudes, actions and appearances in the context of classroom communication are considered as  Verbal Non-verbal Impersonal Irrational 2
8. Most often,  the teacher -  student communication is  : Spurious Critical Utilitarian Confrontational 3
9. In a classroom,  a communicator's trust level is  determined by : the use of hyperbole the change of  voice level the use  of abstract concepts eye contact 4
10. The next term  in the series
2, 5, 10,  17, 26, 37, ? is :
50 57 62 72 1
Level 3

1. A party  was held  in which  a grandmother,  father, mother,  four  sons, their  wives and  one son and two  daughters to each of  the sons were present.   The number of  females present in the party is  : 12 14 18 24 2
2. A Cluster of  propositions with a structure  that exhibits some  inference is called : An inference An argument An  explanation A valid  argument 2 We construct arguments with propositions. A valid 
3. A definition that  has a meaning that is  deliberately assigned to some symbol  is called : Lexical Precising Stipulative Persuasive 3
4. Which of  the following is an  instant messaging application  ?
(a) WhatsApp
(b) Google Talk
(c) Viber
(a) and (b)  only (b) and (c)  only (a) only (a), (b)  and (c) 4
5. In a Computer  a byte generally consists  of : 4 bits 8 bits 16 bits 10 bits 2
6. Which of the  following is not an input  device ?  Microphone Keyboard Joystick Monitor 4
7. Which of the  following is an  open source software  ? MS Word Windows Mozilla Firefox Acrobat  Reader 3
8. Which of the following  enables us to send the  same letter to different persons in  MS Word ? Mail join                          Mail copy                        Mail  insert                      Mail  merge 4
9. Which of  the following pollutants  can cause  cancer in humans  ? Pesticides Mercury Lead Ozone 1
10. Which of  the following phenomena  is not a  natural hazard  ? Wildfire Lightning Landslide Chemical  contamination 4

Level 4 

1. As  part of  National  Climate  Change  Policy,  Indian  government  is  planning  to  raise  the installed capacity  of renewable energy  by the year  2030 to : 175  GW 200  GW 250  GW 350  GW 4
2. Public Order as  an item in the  Constitution figures in : the Union  List the State  List the Concurrent  List the Residuary  Powers 2
3. The term of  office of the Advocate  General of a State is  : 4 years 5 years 6 years or  65 years of age  whichever is earlier not fixed 4
4. Which among the  following States has  the highest number  of seats in the  Lok Sabha ? Maharashtra Rajasthan Tamil Nadu                    West  Bengal 1
5. Which of the following is the highest level of cognitive ability ? 4 years Millennium Development  Report Learning :  The Treasure Within World Declaration  on Education for  All 3
6. Which of the following factors does not impact teaching ? Teacher’s knowledge Class room activities that encourage learning Socio-economic background of teachers and students Learning through experience 3
7. Which of the following statements about teaching aids are correct ?
(a) They help in retaining concepts for longer duration.
(b) They help students learn better.
(c) They make teaching learning process interesting.
(d) They enhance rote learning.
(a), (b), (c) and (d) (a), (b) and (c) (b), (c) and (d) (a), (b) and (d) 2
8. Techniques used by a teacher to teach include :
(a) Lecture
(b) Interactive lecture
(c) Group work
(d) Self study
(a), (b) and (c) (a), (b), (c) and (d) (b), (c) and (d) (a), (b) and (d) 1
9. Achievement tests are commonly used for the purpose of : Making selections for a specific job Selecting candidates for a course Identifying strengths and weaknesses of learners Assessing the amount of learning after teaching 4 Achievement test is a standardized test developed to measure skills and knowledge learned in a given grade level, usually through planned instruction, such as training or classroom instruction. [Wikipedia]
10. A good teacher is one who : gives useful information explains concepts and principles gives printed notes to students inspires students to learn 4
Level 5

1. Which of the following statements regarding the meaning of research are correct ?
(a) Research refers to a series of systematic activity or activities undertaken to find out the solution of a problem.
(b) It is a systematic, logical and an unbiased process wherein verification of hypothesis, data analysis, interpretation and formation of principles can be done.
(c) It is an intellectual enquiry or quest towards truth.
(d) It leads to enhancement of knowledge.
a), (b) and (c) (b), (c) and (d) (a), (c) and (d) (a), (b), (c) and (d) 4
2. A good thesis writing should involve :
(a) reduction of punctuation and grammatical errors to a minimum.
(b) careful checking of references.
(c) consistency in the way the thesis is written.
(d) a clear and well written abstract.
(a), (b),  (c) and (d) (a), (b) and (c) (a), (b) and (d) (b), (c) and (d) 1
3. Jean Piaget gave a theory of cognitive development of humans on the basis of his : Fundamental Research Applied Research Action Research Evaluation Research 1
4. “Male and female students perform equally well in a numerical aptitude test.” This statement indicates a : research hypothesis null hypothesis directional hypothesis statistical hypothesis 2
5. The conclusions/findings of which type of research cannot be generalized to other situations ? Historical Research Descriptive Research Experimental Research Causal Comparative Research 1
6. Which of the following steps are required to design a questionnaire ?
(a) Writing primary and secondary aims of the study.
(b) Review of the current literature.
(c) Prepare a draft of questionnaire.
(d) Revision of the draft.
(a), (b) and (c) (a), (c) and (d) (b), (c) and (d) (a), (b), (c) and (d) 4
7. Effectiveness of communication can be traced from which of the following ?
(a) Attitude surveys
(b) Performance records
(c) Students attendance
(d) Selection of communication channel
(a), (b), (c) and (d) (a), (b) and (c) (b), (c) and (d) (a), (b) and (d) 2
8. Assertion (A) : Formal communication tends to be fast and flexible.
Reason (R) : Formal communication is a systematic and orderly flow of information.
Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is correct explanation of (A) Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A) (A) is correct but, (R) is false (A) is false but, (R) is correct 4
9. Which of the following are the characteristic features of communication ?
(a) Communication involves exchange of ideas, facts and opinions.
(b) Communication involves both information and understanding.
(c) Communication is a continuous process.
(d) Communication is a circular process.
(a), (b) and (c) (a), (b) and (d) (b), (c) and (d) (a), (b), (c) and (d) 4
10. The term ‘grapevine’ is also known as : Downward communication Informal communication Upward communication Horizontal communication 2
Level 6

1. Which of the following is not a principle of effective communication ? Persuasive and convincing dialogue Participation of the audience One-way transfer of information Strategic use of grapevine 3
2. In communication, the language is : The verbal code Intrapersonal The symbolic code The non-verbal code 1
3. The next term in the series is :

2, 5, 9, 19, 37, ?
73 75 78 80 2
4. In certain code MATHURA is coded as JXQEROX. The code of HOTELS will be : LEQIBP ELQBIP LEBIQP ELIPQB 2
5. One day Prakash left home and walked 10 km towards south, turned right and walked 5 km, turned right and walked 10 km and turned left and walked 10 km. How many km will he have to walk to reach his home straight ? 10 20 15 30 3
6. A girl introduced a boy as the son of the daughter of the father of her uncle. The boy is related to the girl as : Brother Uncle Nephew Son 1
7. At present a person is 4 times older than his son and is 3 years older than his wife. After 3 years the age of the son will be 15 years. The age of the person’s wife after 5 years will be : 42 48 45 50 4
8. If we want to seek new knowledge of facts about the world, we must rely on reason of the type : Inductive Deductive Demonstrative Physiological 1 The null hypothesis is that the researcher's prediction is not true. The alternative hypothesis is that the researcher's predicted difference is true.
9. A deductive argument is invalid if : Its premises and conclusions are all false Its premises are true but its conclusion is false Its premises are false but its conclusion is true Its premises and conclusions are all true 2
10. Inductive reasoning is grounded on : Integrity of nature Unity of nature Uniformity of nature Harmony of nature 3
Level 7

1. Among the following statements two are contradictory to each other. Select the correct code that represents them :
Statements :
(a) All poets are philosophers.
(b) Some poets are philosophers.
(c) Some poets are not philosophers.
(d) No philosopher is a poet.
(a) and (b) (a) and (d) (a) and (c) (b) and (c) 3
2. Which of the codes given below contains only the correct statements ? Select the code :
Statements :
(a) Venn diagram represents the arguments graphically.
(b) Venn diagram can enhance our understanding.
(c) Venn diagram may be called valid or invalid.
(d) Venn diagram is clear method of notation.
(a), (b) and (c) (a), (b) and (d) (b), (c) and (d) (a), (c) and (d) 2
3. When the purpose of a definition is to explain the use or to eliminate ambiguity the definition is called : Stipulative Theoretical Lexical Persuasive 3
4. Encoding or scrambling data for transmission across a network is known as : Protection Detection Encryption Decryption 3
5. Which of the following represents one billion characters ?: Kilobyte Megabyte Gigabyte Terabyte 3
6. Which of the following is not open source software ? Internet explorer Fedora Linux Open office Apache HTTP server 1
7. Which one of the following represents the binary equivalent of the decimal number 25 ? 10101 1101 11001 11011 3
8. Which is an instant messenger that is used for chatting ? Altavista MAC Microsoft Office Google Talk 4
9. In which of the countries per capita use of water is maximum ? USA European Union China India 2
10. India’s contribution to total global carbon dioxide emissions is about :  ~ 3%  ~ 6% ~ 10% ~ 15% 2

Level 8

1. The principal of a school conducts an interview session of teachers and students with a view to explore the possibility of their enhanced participation in school programmes. This endeavour may be related to which type of research ? Evaluation Research Fundamental Research Action Research Applied Research 3 Action research is a systematic process of solving educational problems and making improvements. Hence 3 is most appropriate because Principal wants to ‘improve’ the participation of teachers and students. Source: Action Research for Educators
By Daniel R. Tomal
2. In doing action research what is the usual sequence of steps ? Reflect, observe, plan, act Plan, act, observe, reflect Plan, reflect, observe, act Act, observe, plan, reflect 2 Action research includes following phases: observe, reflect, plan, act. But there is no such option. So, if we start the loop from plan-> then it’ll be plan-act-observe-reflect. In that case, answer choice #2 is the most appropriate. Source: My library My History Books on Google Play Research and Reflection: Teachers Take Action for Literacy Development By Andrea Izzo
3.Which sequence of research steps is logical in the list given below ?  Problem formulation, Analysis, Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Collection of data, Arriving at generalizations and conclusions. Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Problem formulation, Data analysis, Arriving at conclusions and data collection. Problem formulation, Hypothesis making, Development of a Research design, Collection of data, Data analysis and formulation of generalizations and conclusions. Problem formulation, Deciding about the sample and data collection tools, Formulation of hypothesis, Collection and interpretation of research evidence. 3 As per the diagram given on page 10 of C.R. Kothari’s Research Methodology book, the correct sequence is

Define research problem
Review literature
Formulate hypothesis
Design the research
Collect data
Analyse data
Interpret and report.
4. The issue of ‘research ethics’ may be considered pertinent at which stage of research ?  At the stage of problem formulation and its definition At the stage of defining the population of research At the stage of data collection and interpretation At the stage of reporting the findings. 3 PRINCIPLE ONE: Minimising the risk of harm.
PRINCIPLE TWO: Obtaining informed consent.
PRINCIPLE THREE: Protecting anonymity and confidentiality.
PRINCIPLE FOUR: Avoiding deceptive practices.
PRINCIPLE FIVE: Providing the right to withdraw.
Source: http://dissertation.laerd.com/principles-of-research-ethics.php
5. In which of the following, reporting format is formally prescribed ? Doctoral level thesis Conference of researchers Workshops and seminars Symposia 1  
6. Effective communication pre-supposes  Non-alignment Domination Passivity Understanding 4 Presuppose - Require as a precondition of possibility or coherence. Understanding happens when communication is effective.
7. When verbal and non-verbal messages are contradictory, it is said that most people believe in  indeterminate messages verbal messages non-verbal messages aggressive messages 3 People tend to believe non-verbal messages than verbal
8. The typical feature of an information-rich classroom lecture is in the nature of being Sedentary Staggered Factual Sectoral 3 Based on facts
9. Expressive communication is driven by  Passive aggression Encoder’s personality characteristics External clues Encoder-decoder contract 2  
10. Positive classroom communication leads to  Coercion Submission Confrontation Persuasion 4